¿Tiene riesgos de padecer EAP? Infografía

Are you at risk for PAD fact sheet

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¿Tiene riesgos de padecer EAP?

What is PAD?

PAD, or peripheral artery disease, is the narrowing of the arteries that carry blood away from the heart to other parts of the body. The most common type is lower-extremity PAD, in which blood flow is reduced to the legs and feet. Left untreated, it may increase your risk of coronary artery disease, heart attack and stroke.

PAD affects about 8.5 million U.S. adults over age 40.

¿Quién tiene mayores riesgos de padecer EAP?

African Americans

  • African Americans are two times more likely to screen positive for PAD than non-Hispanic whites.
  • African Americans with PAD are at an increased risk to lose a limb.

People with Type 2 diabetes

  • People with Type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of developing atherosclerosis, the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries.
  • People with Type 2 diabetes and PAD are up to four times more likely to lose a limb.

People who smoke:

  • Smokers have almost three times higher risk for PAD than non-smokers.
  • Los fumadores con EAP tienden a registrar una calidad de vida inferior a la de los no fumadores con EAP.

Otros factores que pueden aumentar las posibilidades de desarrollar EAP son los siguientes:

  • Nivel de ingresos
  • Nivel educativo
  • Acceso a la atención

¿Qué puede hacer para reducir el riesgo de padecer EAP?

  • Controlar los niveles de diabetes y azúcar en sangre.
  • Stop smoking and maintain a healthy lifestyle, including eating healthy and exercising regularly.
  • Permanecer en actividad y mantener un peso saludable.
  • Make regular appointments with your health care professionals.
  • Quitarse los calcetines en la próxima revisión y dejar que el médico examine sus pies.
  • Find support. If you don’t have access to health care, free resources and places in your community may be available.

Visit heart.org/PAD to learn the signs, symptoms and treatment options.

 © Copyright 2021 American Heart Association, Inc., a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited. Citations available upon request.