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La hipertensión arterial y las mujeres

woman arm measuring blood pressure

A common misconception is that high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension) rarely affects women. However, nearly half of all adults with high blood pressure are women. In fact, women that are just 20 pounds or more overweight, have a family history of HBP or have reached menopause are known to increase a woman’s risk.

While high blood pressure isn't directly related to gender, throughout a woman’s life, health issues like pregnancy, pregnancy prevention (birth control) and menopause can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure.


Women represent almost 52% of deaths from high blood pressure.
nurse checks pregnant woman's blood pressure

Pregnancy Can Elevate the Risk of HBP in Women

Some women who have never had high blood pressure develop it while they are pregnant.

Preeclampsia is usually characterized by the onset of high blood pressure that is lasting and can lead to various complications.

Learn how it affects 1 in 25 pregnancies in the U.S and what you can do.

La hipertensión arterial y las enfermedades cardíacas en mujeres

HBP is a condition that makes the heart work harder than normal. And left untreated, it scars and damages your arteries and can lead to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage, heart failure and fatty buildups in the arteries, called atherosclerosis.

nurse taking young woman's blood pressure reading in doctor's office

Cómo medir la presión arterial en casa

The American Heart Association recommends home monitoring for all people with high blood pressure to help the healthcare provider determine whether treatments are working.

Home monitoring (self-measured blood pressure) is not a substitute for regular visits to your health care professional but can be very useful in managing high blood pressure.

Infografía de Cómo controlar su presión arterial en casa
doctor explains to patient

ACE inhibitors or ARBs and Pregnancy

Women who are taking ACE inhibitors or ARBs for high blood pressure should not become pregnant while on this class of drugs. If you’re taking an ACE inhibitor or an ARB and think you might be pregnant, see your doctor immediately for assessment and advice.

Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure and Menopause

Aunque es posible que haya tenido una presión arterial normal durante toda su vida, las posibilidades de desarrollar hipertensión arterial aumentan considerablemente después de la menopausia. Consulte a su médico con regularidad para controlar la presión arterial.

Heart disease risk rises for everyone as they age, but for women symptoms can become more evident after the onset of menopause.

mujeres de mediana edad usando pesas al aire libre

Hipertensión arterial

La hipertensión arterial (también llamada HTA o hipertensión) se produce cuando la presión arterial, la fuerza de la sangre que fluye a través de los vasos sanguíneos, es demasiado alta de forma habitual. Obtenga datos sobre la HTA, conozca los diferentes tipos de hipertensión y descubra cómo puede controlar esta enfermedad:

Derrame cerebral

La hipertensión arterial es la principal causa de derrames cerebrales y el factor de riesgo controlable más significativo en este sentido. Muchos científicos atribuyen el descenso actual en las muertes por derrame cerebral al tratamiento satisfactorio de la hipertensión arterial. Siga leyendo para aprender más sobre la relación entre la HTA y los derrames cerebrales.

La presión arterial no debería parecer un rompecabezas.

El conocimiento es poder. Obtenga las herramientas necesarias para controlar su hipertensión arterial.

mujer comprobando su presión arterial en el trabajo