Infografía sobre la menopausia y la salud cardíaca

Infografía sobre la menopausia y la salud cardíaca

Descargar un archivo PDF

Menopause and Heart Health

Heart disease risk rises for everyone as they age, but for women, the years leading up to and after menopause are a critical time to care for their health.

Menopause is a natural phase of life for most women in their 40s or 50s.

It’s often just called menopause, but menopause actually has three stages:

  1. Perimenopause
    • Includes the most symptomatic years
    • Key time for a woman to reduce CVD risk factors and care for her heart health
  2. Menopause
    • When a woman’s period stops permanently
    • 12 months in a row without menstruation
  3. Postmenopause
    • Many women will spend up to 40% of their lives postmenopausal or “after menopause”

Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Menopause does not cause cardiovascular disease; however, during the menopausal transition women experience many changes in their bodies, including some that can impact their cardiovascular health:

  • Decline in estrogen levels
  • Hot flashes and night sweats
  • Depresión
  • Sleep problems
  • Increased body fat around the organs
  • Increased cholesterol levels
  • Stiffening or weakening of the blood vessels
  • Increased risk of metabolic syndrome – 3 or more of:
    • Alto nivel de glucemia (azúcar)
    • Low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol in the blood
    • Altos niveles de triglicéridos en la sangre
    • Large waist circumference
    • Hipertensión arterial

The early natural menopause (prior to 45 years of age) and the surgical removal of the ovaries can also increase a woman’s risk for cardiovascular disease.

Take Menopause to Heart

Women are at a greater risk for heart disease and stroke after menopause, making it even more important to focus on your health before menopause, and throughout the menopausal transition.

  • Get plenty of exercise/physical activity
  • Coma sano
  • Quit smoking
  • Manage your stress
  • Know your numbers
    • Presión arterial
    • Índice de masa corporal (IMC)
    • Colesterol
    • Blood glucose (blood sugar

Talk to your health care team about your risk factors and how to prevent cardiovascular disease during middle age.

To learn more, visit goredforwomen.org/menopause

© Copyright 2021 American Heart Association, Inc., a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit. All rights reserved. Go Red for Women is a registered trademark of AHA.

The Red Dress Design is a trademark of U.S. DHHS. Unauthorized use prohibited. DS17713 5/21