Consejos para tomar los medicamentos para el corazón

mano con medicamentos

Hay tantos medicamentos disponibles para todo tipo de dolencias que puede resultar difícil llevar la cuenta. Si tiene una cardiopatía, manejar los medicamentos pueden ser doblemente difícil. Es muy probable que deba tomar más de un medicamento todos los días, ya sea recetado o de venta libre. Cada medicamento puede tratar un problema o síntoma diferente y cada uno tiene sus propias instrucciones.

Pruebe estas sugerencias sobre la toma de medicamentos para cardiopatías, que lo ayudarán a cuidar su salud y la de su corazón.

Talk with your doctor and pharmacist

You need to take all your medicines as directed for them to be most effective. Your doctor and pharmacist can help you better understand the correct amounts and when and how often to take both prescription and OTC medicines. To be fully informed, talk with your doctor. Whether you’re taking prescribed medicines, OTC drugs or both, get the answers to these questions:

  • ¿Debo tomar este medicamento en lugar de otro que me han recetado o se trata de un tratamiento adicional?
  • ¿En qué me beneficiará tomar este medicamento?
  • ¿Cuáles son los efectos secundarios comunes?
  • ¿Hay alguna interacción con los demás medicamentos con o sin receta que estoy tomando?
  • ¿Qué alimentos, suplementos y actividades pueden interactuar con este medicamento?
  • ¿Hay condiciones de almacenamiento especiales?
  • ¿Qué debo hacer si se me olvida una dosis?
  • ¿Cuánto tiempo tarda en hacer efecto este medicamento?

Share your information

The American Heart Association recommends making your doctor and pharmacist aware of all the medicines you are taking. This means both prescription and OTC medicines. Let your physician and pharmacist know about any allergies you have. Don’t forget to mention which supplements, herbs, or vitamins you use. Some medicines, foods and supplements or vitamins could conflict with each other and cause problems. If possible, try to go to the same pharmacy each time you fill a prescription.There are benefits to having all of your prescriptions filled at one pharmacy, says Selig D. Corman, R.Ph., director of professional affairs at the Pharmacists Society of the State of New York in Albany. “That provides a complete patient profile so the pharmacist can efficiently counsel proper use of medicines and prevent possible interactions. Also, the pharmacist can determine if the patient is compliant because of intervals between refills.” If the interval between refills is too long, it indicates that a patient could be skipping doses.

On the flip side, notes Selig, if the time between refills is too frequent, this could mean that a patient is taking more medicine than the doctor has prescribed. For your safety, your pharmacist can monitor the timeliness of your refills and alert you if anything out of the ordinary raises a red flag.

It’s also important to try and buy any OTC medicines at the same pharmacy where you get your prescriptions filled. That way, if you have questions about whether an OTC medicine will interact with prescription medicines you are taking, the pharmacist can let you know because he or she will have access to your prescription records.

Mind your meds

Keeping track of your medicines on a daily basis is also important. This can become a challenge if you have to take several different medicines each day. But there are ways to help you remember what you have already taken on any given day and what you still need to take. A plastic pillbox marked with days of the week can be very useful for this purpose. Just be sure to keep it and all medicines up and out of the sight of children who are in, or may visit your home.

You can also keep a list with the names and dosages of all the medicines you’re taking, both prescription and OTC. Be sure to include when you should take them. “The list should be kept in [your] wallet,” says Sophia De Monte, R.Ph., spokeswoman for the American Pharmacists Association. This way you always have it with you. It’s also a good idea to put the list in a visible place at home, like on your fridge.

“For convenience,” she adds, “dosing is scheduled with an easily remembered event—at meals, bedtime, first thing in the morning, breakfast and dinner.” It’s important to follow labeled dosing instructions, so make taking your medicines part of your daily routine. Associate a dose with a daily event.

Upon taking each dose, check off a box on a piece of paper or a calendar. You can even download a medicine tracker app to your smartphone.

Sea constante

"Es muy importante tomar los medicamentos de forma consistente", afirma el Dr. Daniel Spogen, catedrático de Medicina familiar en la Universidad de Nevada, Reno. "Casi siempre hay que tomarlos a la misma hora del día".

Por supuesto, hay ocasiones en las que esto no es posible. Por ejemplo, si se encuentra mal del estómago o tiene gripe, tal vez no pueda tomarse sus medicamentos. Si no puede tomarlos a la hora habitual, es posible que pueda hacerlo más tarde. No obstante, asegúrese de consultar a su médico antes. De acuerdo con Spogen, esto sirve para mantener un nivel uniforme de medicamento en el torrente sanguíneo.

No tome riesgos

Manejar sus medicamentos puede consumir mucho tiempo. Sin embargo, es importante que lo haga, ya que tomar una dosis excesiva o insuficiente de sus medicamentos podría ocasionarle problemas. Para mantener su salud, es fundamental que tome sus medicamentos recetados y de venta libre según las indicaciones del médico, y que dedique algo de tiempo a asegurarse de guardarlos en un lugar seguro.